Liquid CO2 On The Ocean Bottom

This re-post is in the same vein as my re-blogging from yesterday “Abiotic Methane Discovered Under the Arctic Ocean.” And it may likely have direct significance to the much debated theory of the Abiotic generation of Oil’ or what the mainstream thought calls the “Fossil Fuels”: Coal, Oil, and Natural Gas[Methane]. As these are complex molecules containing primarily Hydrogen, Carbon, and Oxygen.

  • Coal~ [no fixed chemical formula, but typically C is the most plentiful elemental constituent, followed by H, and O respectively, and in varying ratios, some Nitrogen, Sulphur, and other trace metallic elements],
  • Oil~ [also no fixed chemical formula, but has less Oxygen than Coal: Carbon 83 to 85%, Hydrogen 10 to 14%, Nitrogen 0.1 to 2%, Oxygen 0.05 to 1.5%, Sulfur 0.05 to 6.0%, Metals < 0.1%],
  • Natural Gas~ or methane is the purest of them with a simple no nonsense formula of CH4. (No Oxygen at all)

I mention all of these and will add H2O to the mix, as water is thought to be an important key in the Abiotic Oil theory. Add Subduction of seafloor sediments containing CO2 (both liquid and clathrates,) and Methane clathrates CH4, and H2O down into the mantle and a lot of time, pressure, and heat, and I can see where there may be something to the Abiotic theory of the origin of Oil. They’ve already determined that a fair amount of Methane is of abiotic origin. The only one that I cannot understand fully is Coal. But Coal *may be explainable* through Methane permeation through overlying peat beds(dead organic plant material) over long time frames, although I couldn’t begin to explain how that works.
It is a curious thing though, that Coal deposits are very often associated with underlying Gas and Oil formations. It makes me think that the three are related, and that Coal is the only one that could be called “fossil fuel,” or perhaps only partially so. For more details on this see:
http://thinkorbebeaten.com/Energy/The%20Origin%20of%20Methane%20(and%20Oil)%20in%20the%20Crust%20of%20the%20Earth.pdf

My appreciation to E.M.(Chiefio)Smith for the article below.

Liquid CO2 exists IN the ocean and on the ocean bottom.

A very small excerpt: “… the thing that struck me most was just the existence of a vent dumping untold thousands of gallons of CO2 LIQUID into the ocean… ”

Source: Liquid CO2 On The Ocean Bottom

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Abiotic methane discovered under the Arctic Ocean

As the myth of “Fossil Fuels” slowly crumbles.
Commenter Louis H. says, “Methane is the most basic molecular building block of all hydrocarbon gasses and liquids we collectively refer to as petroleum, It can be polymerized to make all of them.
Yes, it appears the Russians (and Thomas Gold) were correct.”
~ ~ ~
Add massive peat beds to the ‘polymer’ equation and you have a possible solution as to why Coal, Oil, and Gas are often found superposed!

Thomas Gold, 1920-2004, was an Austrian born Astrophysicist, who in the 1950’s became interested in theory of oil formation and postulated the idea of Abiogenic Oil formation. He didn’t know at the time that some Russian scientists were also coming to the same theory of Abiotic oil. He was disappointed that his idea was not original, but at the same time delighted to find out that others had come to the same conclusions. Read more about Thomas Gold here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Gold

Watts Up With That?

abiotic-methane Ultra-slow spreading ocean ridges were discovered in the Arctic in 2003 by scientists at Woods Hole Ocenographic Institution. They found that for large regions the sea floor splits apart by pulling up solid rock from deep within the earth. These rocks, known as peridotites (after the gemstone peridot) come from the deep layer of the earth known as the mantle. Credit Dr. Henry J.B. Dick, WHOI / nsf.gov

From CAGE – Center for Arctic Gas Hydrate, Climate and Environment

New source of methane discovered in the Arctic Ocean

Methane, a highly effective greenhouse gas, is usually produced by decomposition of organic material, a complex process involving bacteria and microbes.

But there is another type of methane that can appear under specific circumstances: Abiotic methane is formed by chemical reactions in the oceanic crust beneath the seafloor.

New findings show that deep water gas hydrates, icy substances in the sediments that…

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ARCTIC SEA ICE —Tundra Wonder, Methane Blunder—

A few things to consider on this well reasoned post from Caleb at sunriseswansong.wordpress.com If you think the Earth, or the Arctic is in trouble, maybe you should read this, and think again.

Sunrise's Swansong

Smoking HillsSometimes, as my mind’s eye wanders over the Arctic Ocean, I am drawn ashore to contemplate wonders of the Tundra. I try to avoid politics, as the wonders are more wonderful when simply appreciated in the light of Truth, but Climate Alarmism is a sort of whirlpool that sucks you in, even when it is basically a comical shtick.

For example, along the coast of the Northwest Territories are the “Smoking Hills” of Franklin Bay, which appear over and over in the Facebook images sent by sailors attempting the Northwest Passage.  The sailors always seem jarred by the image (and scent). Often they have been cluttering their log with editorial comments about how beautiful the arctic is, and what cads humans are to destroy the pristine beauty of nature with Global Warming caused by burning coal. Then they come across a stretch of coast which is in essence Mother Nature’s…

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Stereo View Experiment (Update)

Digital photography is nice in that you don’t waste any film when experimenting. Some people have developed the ability to see Stereopticon pictures without the need for a Stereopticon Viewer.
A Stereopticon is an old fashioned picture viewer where you put a photocard with two pictures of the same view on it in the far end,  and look through the lenses at the near end to see a scene in 3d.
I learned how to view those without the ‘viewer’ years ago.
It involves tricking your eyes into looking far, but focusing near.
In other words your left eye focuses on the picture on the left, while your right eye focuses on the picture on the right. An alternative is to cross your eyes and then focus, but then the 3 dimensionality is inversed so that objects that are supposed to be far in the images appear near, and near objects appear far. (I can’t seem to do it that way.)

StereoGeode89

[pic is adjusted to 550 pixels wide on a pc screen which makes it easier to view in 3d, it may not work as well on your iphone or tablet]

One key to doing this is to have the images close enough together which eases eye strain.  If you look at the image above and relax until you see three images, then all you need to do is focus in on the middle image. The one in the middle is the one which is seen by each of your eyes independently, and thus when in focus is a pseudo-stereo image and will ‘pop’ from the page(screen). You perceive depth due to the slight offset between the two images. I decided to try this today with a Smokey Quartz Geode(Keokuk variety) from my Geode collection. I must say I do like the results!  -Andrew

WhiteOak
Here’s a new pic I took last evening of a mature White Oak Tree.

Cotopaxi Volcano – update 08/21/15

Cotopaxi Volcano Ecuador, Sincholagua webcam
Still cam loop slowed by 1/4,
11 images in loop, runs from 13:41:41 UTC to 14:31:42 UTC, about
50 minutes. Recorded 10:00am CDST.
Shows that eruption is ongoing, though still at moderate to low levels. Current weather at this altitude and location in Ecuador is fairly active, with ash and gas emissions getting quickly blown downwind, not allowing for a column to develop above the volcano. Clouds keep blowing in from the left to obscure the view of the summit.

Source:
http://www.igepn.edu.ec/cotopaxi/camaras-cotopaxi

I’m Fixing a Hole – Harmony Monterey Archtop repair – Final Update Jan. 16, 2016

Actually not a hole, but multiple cracks. One of my hobbies is amateur luthiery. I have an affinity for stringed instruments of all kinds.

Recently I acquired a Harmony Monterey archtop guitar. Model H1457
HarmonyMontereyArchtopIt likely dates from between ’52 and ’55 and needs a little bit of repair. Someone stumbled into the back of it many years ago and it has been languishing in a state of disrepair ever since. What is nice about it is that it has all solid woods construction. It has a Spruce top with no cracks or splits, Maple sides, and birdseye Maple Back.  The H1457’s were made between 1952 and 1962 and sold for under $100 at the time.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                As you can see, the back has several splits and was coming loose from the lower bout on both sides of the Tail Block.  MontereyBack

The next step was removing the back. Carefully I removed the binding, the plastic strip that covers the joint between the back and sides of the instrument.

Then I used a thin pallet knife and carefully and slowly worked my way around the sides from the two main splits near the tail block towards the neck joint heel block. Fortunately this guitar was glued using Hide glue which is made from animal hides(probably cow) which are boiled down into a brown goo. Had it been glued with
conventional wood glue, it would have removingtheback
been a much harder task to remove the back without causing some serious damage.

Having removed the back, I inspected the underside of the top for any telltale splits or other defects.
insidereveal2I did find that the Tail block had become loose from the top so I will have to re-glue that before replacing the back once I get all of the cracks repaired.  The whiter trapezoidal area covering the f-holes is a very thin fabric, possibly linen, which is glued in place on the underside of the top. Its’ purpose is to arrest any development of cracks or splitting of the Spruce top from the areas of the f-hole cutouts. While most flat-top guitars have fan or x-bracing on the underside of their tops, this archtop has only two main strut supports that run longitudinally from Neck-Heel to Tail.

The back looked like it had only about four bad splits, but it turnssplits out to have a total of seven cracks or splits that need to be re-glued.  What I’m calling ‘cracks’ run all the way to the edges of the back, there are four of those. Splits are ‘cracks’ that are contained within the back and do not terminate at an edge, there are three. I will not be using the Hide glue for fixing these. I will use a good wood glue like Titebond II. It will hold up much better through environmental changes and stress that will be subjected to this guitar once it is re-strung. In addition, I will glue little diamond shaped wooden cleats with their grain running perpendicular across the grain of the splits and cracks on the underside of the back. These will stabilize and deter any likelihood of the cracks and splits redeveloping.
Once the Back is repaired and the Tail block is re-glued, then I will glue the back using Titebond Liquid Hide Glue, a modernized version of standard hide glue that has advantages of a longer setup(working) time, as well as facilitating easy back removal, should that ever again be needed.

I will give an update or a new post when this project gets completed, so for now I leave you with :

Update Tuesday Evening 08/25/2015

Since the Back of the guitar is not as important a resonating surface as the Spruce top, I decided to dispense with using smaller mass diamond shaped glue cleats across the cracks.
I had a bag of short popsicle sticks that are commonly used for making confections with a handle, you know, chocolates, small lollipops, etc., or sold as a craft item.   The wood is nice and thin and sturdy enough for my needs. I’m not too sure what wood is used, but a few sites say that popsicle sticks are made out of white birch, which is resistant to breaking and usually doesn’t splinter into sharp and dangerous pieces. Perfect for my need as even shorter segments would be less likely to break.
I beveled the top ends of the pieces mainly for ease of handling and smoothing off the saw burrs of the cut ends, and also because it looks a little more professional.

BackInsdRp

The cleats in the center cover a major split and that is why I bunched the cleats touching each other the full length of the split. This was probably the hardest one to repair. I first worked a generous amount of Titebond II into the split from both sides. Then I used an adjustable strap to close the gap, but since that was bowing the top and opening the split on the outside surface, I had to turn it over so the inside was facing down and place weights on the outside surface to close the split firmly while the glue set. I used some wax paper on top of the split joint, and set some books on top of that to get the best weight for the smoothest alignment of the edges of the split. [The cleats were added later, after the glue in the split was dry.]
I used a similar procedure for the remaining cracks that extended to the ends of the upper and lower bouts. Only instead of using a strap, I used a pipe clamp to close the cracks, and steel weights to ensure even closure on the outside and inside of the back. It’s as if each crack/split repair was an experiment in itself.

BackRepaired

Since the Back panel of the guitar is not a simple flat piece of wood, but bulges up from the edges toward the center, the repairing of cracks becomes a delicate balancing act of side force vs. down force. Only some minor touch up remains for the outside surface. Compare the picture above to the second one at the top of this post.
You can hardly tell from this photo that the back once had such major damage!

The next step will be to re-glue the Tail Block to the spruce top, and then prep the mating surfaces for re-attaching the Back. After that I will assess what I need to do to revitalize the finish, replace the tuners, and properly re-attach the original pickguard.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Final Update! Repairs Completed.

I’m a little late on posting this, but the Monterey repairs are now complete. Finish touch-up on the Top and Back, Replaced vital pickguard hardware, New Sealed-Tuners, New Nut.

Set-up was a little trickey, needed to shim up the Nut, and shave down(sanded) the bridge in order to achieve the desired fretting action with plenty of room for raising the action, if desired.

Here are some pics of the finished repair:

Remembering Slim Gaillard

Slim was a talented multi-instrument player from the early 20th Century. In this video he plays the Piano, then the Guitar. I ran across this after buying an old Vocalion 78 at Goodwill for $0.50. Slim was part of a duo called Slim and Slam which were Slim Gaillard and Slam Stewart. On the 78 Slim and Slam do ‘Flat Fleet Floogie.’ (posted below the first video)

Hello world!

This is my very first post. I started this blog to share things that interest me and as a creative outlet distinct from the sort found on other social media like facebook.
ats081915_1So here you may find just about anything, from Science to Art. I play guitar, and am a fan of the late John Fahey. I don’t have a tight focus in mind right now.
My interests are varied, as may become evident with time. At least as long as I decide to keep this going. For now, it’s sort of an experiment.
I hope you can find something to enjoy or learn about, while I hope I can find interesting things to share and keep your interest!  Click here for more information.